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Saturday, October 31, 2009

Historical Monuments of Lucknow

The University of Lucknow

The University of Lucknow grew out of the prestigious Canning College, Lucknow, founded in 1867 by Raja Dakshinaranjan Mukherjee, also grew out of King George’s Medical College and Isabella Thoburn College.

Lucknow University was set up as a result of the far-reaching recommendations of the Sadler Commission which had been set up originally in 1917 to just investigate the ““conditions and prospects of the University of Calcutta”. The Honorable Raja Sir Muhammad Ali Mohammad Khan of Mahmudabad made a strong plea in the Pioneer for the creation of a separate University at Lucknow which was reinforced by all the Taluqdars of Awadh. Sir Harcourt Butler, the then Lt. Governor of United Provinces also gave active support to the idea.
Lucknow University was established in law by the Governor General on November 25, 1920, Sir Harcourt Butler laid the foundation stone of the University on March 19, 1921, and Dr. Gyanendra Nath Chakravarti became its first vice-chancellor. On July 17, 1921 teaching classes commenced.

Christ Church

Christ Church, designed by General Hutchinson, is situated near Wingfield Park in Lucknow. It was built in memory of those who died in the revolt of 1857. The church was renovated in 1904. It houses some fine memorial tablets and brass collections.

Chota Imambara

Chota Imambara is the landmark of Lucknow. This monument is also known as Husseinabad Imambara in Lucknow as this place was the office of the erstwhile Husseinabad trust that owned the city once. Chota Imambara is an imposing monument located in the Old City area of Lucknow close to Chowk.

The story of Imambara is no less interesting than the Imambara itself. It happened once in early 19th century that a persistent famine engulfed Oudh. That famine broke the backs of lower strata and agriculture labors. The then Nawab of Awadh named Muhammad Ali Shah commissioned Chota Imambara under ‘Food for Work’ program initiated to bring respite for the city populace. The monument that was erected in order to serve as the mausoleum for Muhammad Ali Shah got completed in the year 1837. Chota Imambara is also sometimes referred as ‘The Palace of Light’ in British History Chronicles because its decorations during festive season.

Charbagh Railway Station

Location : Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) 
Designed by : J.H. Hornimen 
Cost incurred : Rs. 70 lakhs 
Foundation Laid In : 1914 

Charbagh Station, the major railway station of Lucknow , is an architectural masterpiece. The ostentatious structural design of Charbagh Railway Station enthrals a tourist at the onset. Built at a whooping price of Rs. 70 lakhs, it was designed by J.H. Hornimen.
The foundation of the Charbagh Railway Station was place by the Bishop, in March 1914